Login

Ensuring correct usage of Comparatives and Superlatives

Print

Sometimes in English communication,we come across situations where we have to compare two people or things and sometimes we have to  describe an object which is at the upper or lower limit of a quality. In such situations, comparative and superlative adjectives are used.

In the following article , these two important aspects of English Grammar are discussed.

Comparatives


Comparative adjectives are used to compare one thing to another. It mainly describes people and things. When we compare one thing with another, we use “than” in a sentence.

Examples:

· Lakshmi is two years older than me.
· He is a better player than Raina.
· Rajasthan is much bigger than Goa.

The above examples shows the comparison between people and things.

Camparison
When we want to describe how something or someone changes, we can use two comparatives with “and”.


Examples:

· The bag got heavier and heavier.
· These days groceries are getting more and more expensive.
· She is looking older and older day by day.

Superlatives


Superlatives are used where a subject is compared to a group of objects. In superlatives we use “the” in the sentence.

Examples:

· Tom & Jerry is the oldest cartoon.
· Pooja is the tallest girl in our class.
· This is the longest song that I have ever heard.

Rules to use comparatives and superlatives

1. When there is one syllable adjective, we add er in comparatives and est in superlatives.

Examples:

- Tall        taller       tallest
- Fat         fatter      fattest
- Big         bigger     biggest
- Sad        sadder    saddest

2. When there are two syllable adjectives ending in y, firstly we replace y with i, and then add er in comparatives and est in superlatives.

Examples:

- Happy   happier   happiest
- Busy      busier    busiest

3. When there are two syllable and more than two adjectives without y at the end then we add more + adjective + than in comparative and most + adjective + than.

Examples:

- The Ganges is more famous than the Thames.
- Delhi is much hotter than Sweden.
- Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

Degree

There are some adjectives which have uncommon comparative and superlatives forms:


- good      better     best
- bad        worse     worst
- little       less        least
- much     more      most

Take a test and check how well you have known comparatives and superlatives

1. Australia is (big) _____ than England.
2. I'm (good) _____ now than yesterday.
3. He thinks Chinese is (difficult) ______ language in the world.
4. Sri Lanka played (bad) _____ than India yesterday.
5. Cats are not (intelligent) ______ as dogs.
6. (hot) _____ desert of all is the Sahara and it's in Africa.
7. Who is (talkative) ______ person in your family?

Answers: 1. bigger 2. better 3. the most difficult 4. worse 5. as intelligent 6. The hottest 7. the most talkative

Understanding the correct usage of comparatives and superlatives will help you compare and improve your communication skills. Join an online English tutor and make your English fluent.

About EAgeTutor:


eAgeTutor.com is the premier online tutoring provider. eAge's world-class faculty and ace communication experts from around the globe help you to improve English in an all-round manner. Assignments and tasks based on a well-researched content developed by subject matter and industry experts can certainly fetch the most desired results for improving spoken English skills. Overcoming limitations is just a click of mouse away in this age of effective and advance communication technology. For further information on online English speaking course or to experience the wonders of virtual classroom fix a demonstration session with our tutor. Please visit www.eagetutor.com.


- By Shailja Varma

Related topics:

1. Learn English using social networking sites 
2. Slang Words You’ve Got to Know
3. How to cheer your favorite sports team?
4. Modal verbs and its types
5. How to use the definite article “the” appropriately?

    

Archives

Blog Subscription