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Introduction to and appropriate use of adverbs

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Etymology:

Adverbs are words that are used to modify or signify the meaning of a verb, an adjective or any other word or sentence. It is one of the main parts of speech.

They are usually answerable to questions like 'when', 'how', 'where', and 'to what extent'. In the English language, adverbs are formed by adding the suffix – ly to most adjectives.

Types of Adverbs:

There are four main types of Adverbs. They are as follows:

1. Adverbs of Place
2. Adverbs of Manner
3. Adverbs of Time
4. Adverbs of Frequency

Now let's get into the details of the subtypes.

use of adverbs

1. Adverbs of Place

Adverbs of place give us more information about a place of significance or action.

Example:

1. The kids are playing outside.
2. He was standing near the wall.

Adverbs: 1. Outside. 2. Near.

2. Adverbs of Manner

Adverbs of manner tell us the sequence of impending action or event. It also shows how the events will unfold in the future.

Example:

1. He speaks loudly.
2. He will drive slowly.

Adverbs: 1. Loudly. 2. Slowly.

3. Adverbs of Time

These adverbs give us more information about the time of action or event.

Example:

1. I will buy a car tomorrow.
2. The guest came today.
3. He is still waiting for his sister.

Adverbs: 1. Tomorrow. 2. Today, 3. Still.

4. Adverb of Frequency

These adverbs tell us how many times the verb performs its function, i.e. the frequency of the actions or events.

Example:

1. Namita goes to school daily.
2. Kathleen never smokes.
3. Ranjit is always late for the gym.

Adverbs: 1. Daily. 2. Never, 3. Always.

adverbs

Appropriate usage:


Below is the correct and incorrect usage of adjectives.

1. Incorrect: The car works perfect.

Correct: The car works perfectly.

2. Incorrect: Did you study hardly today?

Correct: Did you study hard today?

3. Incorrect: He behaved rather sillily.

Correct: He behaved in a silly way.

4. Incorrect: He passed the exam difficultly.

Correct: He passed the exam with difficulty.

5. Incorrect: Her answer sounded correctly.

Correct: She answered correctly.

Understand the context and use the right adverb according to the situation.

Further Adverb examples:

1. He has never been like that!
2. When I leave, I will call him often.
3. I am still thinking about her.
4. I usually get up late.
5. I have seen her recently.
6. They were flying kites on top of the bridge.
7. Do it tomorrow.
8. The maid is paid on a monthly basis.
9. He is seldom late for class.
10. He rarely missed classes

Adverbs: 1. Never. 2. Often. 3. Still. 4. Usually. 5. Recently. 6. on the top. 7. Tomorrow. 8. Monthly. 9. Seldom. 10. Rarely.

example of adverbs

As you can see from the above definitions and examples, adverbs are a simple concept, provided that you practice it regularly and make an effort to understand it. Adverbs are an integral part of English vocabulary. Practice often and clarify your doubts with the help of an online English teacher. Make your grammar foundation strong for complete fluency in spoken English skills.

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- By Shailja Varma

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