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English Guide: Practical Tips for Better English Communication

How to make your point effectively in a meeting We understand that standing out in a meeting involving different people is very important. Everyone has their own ideas and wants to get their points across. So, getting noticed and making your point effectively is a difficult task, but not an impossible one. What you need to do is to know exactly what you want to say and say it in an effective manner. Of course, how you conduct yourself throughout the meeting is also important, because how...
Job interview tips: How to convert your weak points into strengths? When applying for a job, the deal breaker is your resume and interview skills. With an impressive resume, you have a better chance at getting noticed and shortlisted for an interview. Then it depends on what impression you make on the interviewer during your interview, and that is what will decide your chances of landing the job. It is the responsibility of an interviewer to grill a candidate in such a way that they gauge the candidate’s strong and...
Avoid common English mistakes: How and when to use "one of", "some of" and "few of" One rule of English grammar that can confuse a new or amateur English speaker is the subject-noun difference. This shows mostly when you use phrases like ‘one of’, ‘some of’ or ‘few of’ in a sentence. If you think that all these phrases imply the same meaning, and can be used interchangeably, then that’s where you will be wrong. Knowing how to use a phrase correctly is what will help you be a flawless English speaker. Now these three phrases...
Difference between ‘how about’ and ‘what about’ and how to use it If you aren’t a native speaker, learning right English can be quite a task. The reason being, a lot of words and phrases we use are colloquial and don’t really adhere to the rules of English language. That is why the difference between how we use and understand certain phrases and why it would mean something entirely different to a native speaker. The biggest problem arises when we use certain words and phrases interchangeably. The most basic...
article thumbnailIdioms are a group of words whose meaning is different from the literal meaning.  Idioms are expression, a phrase. They have hidden meaning. For Example- “Kick the bucket”, it means to die. There are many other idioms too which are related to body. These are known as Body idioms.Some of the Body Idioms are:1. All ears:  full attentionExample- Her all ears were here when we were talking about that matter.Example- We should keep all our ears open while...
article thumbnailMost of us get confused between the usage of - I, me, mine and myself. Are you confused, what to use when? This blog will help clear your confusion.When to use I, me, mine and myself1. I and me‘I’ is used when you are referring to yourself. In this, you are the one who is performing the action.Example- I am going for the dance class with Shweta.Example- I submitted the project a little late.Me is used when someone else is going to perform a...
people waiting outside room In our busy work schedules, occasionally there arise situations where we have to keep people waiting for us. This situation, especially, when faced in an office environment, when you are busy with your work and someone requests you or your boss orders you to do something which is very urgent. So, at that time you have to speak to them politely and communicate that they have to wait for a while. These are the words which can help you.Words used to ask...
Difference between Sometimes,sometime and some time English is a language which sometimes has many confusions. There are some words with different meanings and different words with the same meanings. Example - smart, bright and intelligent or attractive, pretty and lovely. These words mean the same, right? Now we are going to look at words which are same but are used according to the situation or during a specific time.For Example -She looked around for some time.He sometimes comes here.I need...
clarity Sometimes when we have a conversation with someone, we sway in our thoughts and tend to overlook what the other person just said.  This annoying situation can happen with anyone of us. But it is our duty to clarify the mistake or tell the person to repeat what he/she said. This situation can also be experienced by an employee during a meeting. In this particular blog, we would like to share some of the ways to ask for clarification. Words to be...
yes If suppose a person asks you, ‘Do you stay in Airoli?’, and if you need to say yes, you can say it in  different ways, something like, yes, you’re correct. This was just an example of how to say whether someone is right. There are some other ways or words you can use. 8 ways to say that whether someone is right 1. Yes that’s right - informal way of agreeing Example - Meena - I heard that you are shifting to Kerala? Is it? Reena- Yes that’s’ right....
sleeping Sleep is very important for our body. It keeps us fresh and energetic. Sometimes, when we do not get a good night’s sleep, we feel so irritated because our brain cannot function properly. And this may be a very common topic of discussion amongst our friends and parents and others too. So, here are some phrases which you can use.Phrases to discuss about sleep1. Tossing and turning: not being able to sleep properlyExample - Reena was tossing and...
Nice to Meet you As we all know, first impression is the last impression. Therefore, first impression should always be a positive and a good one, so that the person you are meeting feels good about you. There are some ways through which you can do this. Even in offices, when you have a meeting with your boss or with your clients there are some ways and manners which you need to follow. So, let us have look on interesting ways to say nice to meet you.Ways to say Nice...
How to start Social Conversation in English at a party Have you ever been to a party where you do not know too many people? Or perhaps look back and recollect your first office party - where everyone around seemed to know everyone but YOU?  While some may have a natural flair for starting conversations in English with strangers or acquaintances, there are some others who feel out of place in such situations. This article shall quickly give you some valuable tips, to ensure that you can strike an...
spelling The ability to communicate our thoughts through words is a unique ability given to only one species on earth – human beings! A language allows us to express our mind and our feelings to another individual and “English” is the most universally accepted language. While we may pride ourselves on our English vocabulary skills, and believe that we rarely make mistakes in our written communication, it would still be a good idea to have a quick look...
Reading News & articles There is no denying the fact that communication is a must for any kind of human interaction or collaborative efforts. The quality of your communication, however, be it written or spoken, depends on the strength of your vocabulary. Your ability to use the right words to convey exactly what you mean makes you a better communicator and holds you in good stead in general conversations.Here we shall look at a few tips that can help you improve your...
article thumbnailIn our life, we all take decisions and make decisions on a daily basis. Some decisions are important that cannot be changed and some decisions can be changed according to the situation. There are some ways to  say that we have changed our decision. So let’s have a look:9 interesting phrases to express that you have changed your decision:1. I changed my mind: you had made a decision in past but you changed it.Example-  We decided to study...
make things happen In our life we all meet people who are little nervous, confused or who have lost hope in some or the other way. If you consider yourself as a true friend, you can help your dear ones by motivating them with your kind words. This can surely make a difference in their life.9 Phrases for motivationSo here are some phrases that you can use to motivate your dear ones.1. Give it a try: when someone is doing something for the first time but is...
extravagant Is your friend too extravagant? Did you understand the meaning of extravagant? No, right. It means a person who spends his/her money in a wasteful or careless way. There are many other words which can be used to describe a person who spends way too much money.9 words used to describe that you spend too much are:1. To splash out: to spend money on things which are not actually needed.Example- She is the one who always splashes out and then...
article thumbnailThere are times when we get late for a meeting, or we miss our train or bus. These are all common situations which are faced by all. Sometimes you may get late because of your friend or because of someone else.  There is a certain way you can behave or communicate in these situations.  It is very important that you behave in a proper way so that you create a good impression of yourself on everyone.7 ways to say hurry up1. There’s no time to...
have a whale of time "This time she is going to hit the books”. Does that mean that she is going to beat a book? No, it means she is going to study hard this time. These sentences are known as idioms. Idioms are phrases which have a figurative or somewhat literal meaning They do not mean what exactly the words say. For Example- Best thing since slice bread – this means a new and a good invention. People also use idioms according to their moods like when they are...
article thumbnailDo you get confused between these words? They seem to be similar but they are used at different situations. For Example- The jeans which you bought for me yesterday from the market, is too loose. Do you think in this situation, the lose can be replaced with loose? No. So let us have a look at some more examples of the same kind and clear out our confusion between the uses of these words.Common mistakes to avoid between lose, loose, lost and...
thank you We all have certain people in our life to whom we are really thankful. It may be because they might have helped us or have been there when we needed their support.To show our courtesy, we must thank them in a good way. People give chocolates, gifts etc. to show the gratitude. The simplest form of expressing gratitude is by using the kind words. So, let us have a look at some of the best ways to thank someone. 8 Interesting ways to thank someone1....
sad baby In life, there are times when we feel low and upset. This situation comes when some unexpected things happen. We all, for sure, might have faced this kind of situation at least once in our lifetime. However, these things are very common and expressing them in English is not uncommon. In this blog, you will learn about some interesting slang words to express and describe disappointment.8 slang words to describe disappointment1. Bummer or Bummer...
Jam session In today’s competitive and busy world, it is not easy to get a job in an MNC company. As there are many candidates who apply on a daily basis, it becomes difficult for the HR to conduct the interviews. Hence, they conduct various rounds and the one who clears reaches the final round. These rounds include group discussions, written tests, and a JAM session. While you might be aware of tests and group discussions, JAM can be described as a short...
pronounce words English is the only language which is spoken widely all over the world as it can be easily learnt and understood. One of the old yet easiest way to learn English is by reading newspapers, books, novels etc. You might find range of vocabularies to learn. Pick up 10 new words and learn the meaning, spelling, pronunciation etc. Unfortunately, there are many words which are pronounced incorrectly. According to a recent research almost 82% of the...

Sex and Genetic Shuffling

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Gene Shuffling


Sex can introduce new gene combinations into a population and is an important source of genetic sex_gen-1variation.

A
sexual cycle is maintained because it improves the quality of progeny.



Advantage of Gene Shuffling

•    Sexual reproduction can bring together mutations
•    Can be  beneficial into the same individual
•    Unfit individuals that are then eliminated from the population
•    Sex creates new gene combinations that may be more fit than previously existing ones


Genetic variation happens because of new gene combinations occurred due to sex. It is an important source of population. Normally in humanssex_gen-2 except identical twins siblings show variations among each other. Children are not genetically identical to their parents. They show variations and show the combination of characters of their parents. Why? Because after the sexual reproduction of the parents, the genes underwent shuffling and new combinations would arise in the next generation.
The children must have both characters from parents like eye color, eyebrow shape, hair color, nose shape, body color, voice, height, etc… After this shuffling the result may be great, normal, or worst.



This shuffling is
important for evolution because it introduces new gene combinations in each generation. But it may reduce the good combinations and increase the normal or bad combinations. It is totally based on the chance of gene combinations.

 

Development

After the fertilization, once the embryo developed in to adult organisms its genotype is expressed as a phenotype. These external appearances of the organism help us to understand the new combinations easily. It is the basis of evolutionary biology.


Shuffling Genes Without Sex

Asexually reproducing organisms maintain variation in their DNA. Female whiptail lizards can actually double their own chromosomes during meiosis, according to a study published in Nature.



Parthenogesex_gen-3nesis, a form of asexual reproduction that occurs without the contribution of male genetic material, has been well described in many invertebrates species and a few vertebrates.

But since gametes in these species only receive one set of chromosomes, researchers have wondered how offspring maintain genetic diversity, especially in more complex vertebrate species.



Change in Morphology

Gene shuffling may result with major effects in the morphology of the organism. Because of gene shuffling fruit flies evolved with two pairs of wings instead of one. Developmental processes may prevent certain characters from evolving in certain lineages.



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