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TYPES OF ANGLES

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What is an angle?

typ_ang_1An angle is the figure formed by two rays sharing a common endpoint, called the vertex of the angle.


We can classify angles according to their size and position.




Angles according to their size

The following are the types of angles according to their size:
1. Acute Angle
2. Obtuse Angle
3. Right Angle
4. Straight Angle
5. Reflex Angle
6. Revolution
7. Complementary Angles
8. Supplementary Angles

Let’s discuss each of the angles in detail:



Acute Angletyp_ang_2

If an angle is greater than 0 degree but less than 90 degrees, then we call that angle as acute angle.

The following is an acute angle.

 
Example: 30 degrees, 70 degrees etc. are acute angle




Obtuse Angletyp_ang_3

An angle whose measure is greater than 90 degrees but less than 180 degrees is called an obtuse angle.

Thus, it is between 90 degrees and 180 degrees. The following is an obtuse angle.

 
Example: 150 degrees, 120 degrees etc.



Right Angletyp_ang_4

An angle whose measure is 90 degrees is called a right angle.

A right angle is marked on the diagram as a small square.

 




Straight angle

An angle whose measure is 180 degrees. A straight angle looks like a straight line.

The following is a straight angle.typ_ang_5

 


Reflex angletyp_ang_6

An angle whose measure is greater than 180 degrees but less than 360 degrees.

The following is a reflex angle.

 


Revolution

A revolution is an angle that equals exactly 360º.typ_ang_7
 


Complementary antyp_ang_8gles

If sum of two angles are 90 degree then they are complementary angles.

For example: Angle measure of 65° and 25° are complementary angles.

As, 65 + 25 = 90°


But angle 65 and angle 25 do not have to be adjacent to be complementary as long as they add up to 90 degrees.

 



Supplementary anglestyp_ang_9

If sum of two angles are 180 degree then they are supplementary angles.

Angle measure of 145° and 35° are supplementary angles.


As, 145 + 35= 180

 


Try This:
1. What is the measure of a right angle?
2. Name the following angles:
a) 160 degrees
b) 75 degrees
c) Sum of angles 110 and 70

Answers

1. 90 degree angle
2. a) Obtuse angle
    b) Acute angle
    c) Supplementary angles



Angles according to their position

The following are the types of angles according to their position:
1. Adjacent Angles
2. Vertically opposite Angles
3. Angles between parallel lines:
3. (a) Interior Angles
3. (b) Exterior Angles
3. (c) Alternate Interior Angles
3. (d) Alternate Exterior Angles
3. (e) Corresponding Angles

Let’s discuss each of them in detail:



Adjacent Angletyp_ang_10s

Angle with a common vertex and one common side.

In the following figure ∠ 1 and ∠ 2, are adjacent angles.



Vertically Opposite Anglestyp_ang_11

Angles that have a common vertex and whose sides are formed by the same lines. Vertically Opposite angles are always equal.

The following figure represents vertically opposite angles.

 

typ_ang_13
Angle formed by Parallel lines

When two parallel lines are crossed by a third line (Transversal), 8 angles are formed.

Take a look at the following figure





We will now discuss the angles formed by the parallel lines:


typ_ang_14

Interior Angles

In the adjoining figure, ∠3, ∠4, ∠5, ∠6 are interior angles.





typ_ang_15

Exterior Angles

In the adjoining figure, ∠1, ∠2, ∠7, ∠8 are exterior angles.




Alternate Interior Anglestyp_ang_16

Pairs of interior angles on opposite sides of the transversal are Alternate Interior Angles.

∠3 and ∠6are alternate interior angles.

∠4 and ∠5 are also alternate interior angles.




typ_ang_17Alternate Exterior Angles

Pairs of exterior angles on opposite sides of the transversal.

∠1 and ∠8 are alternate exterior angles.


∠ 2 and ∠7 are alternate exterior angles.





Corresponding angles

typ_ang_13

Pairs of angles in matching corners are called Corresponding Angles.


∠1 and ∠5 are corresponding angles.


∠2 and ∠6 are corresponding angles.

∠3 and ∠7 are corresponding angles


∠4 and ∠8 are corresponding angles.




typ_ang_18Try this:

1. Write 1 pair of alternate exterior angle.
2. Write 1 pair of corresponding angle.


Answer:

1. ∠ a and ∠ h
2. ∠ b and ∠ f






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