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Degrees of Comparison

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What is a Degree of Comparison?deg_com_1

We use degrees of comparison to compare one person or one thing with another.



Classification of Degrees of Comparison

Degrees of comparison can be classified as
• Positive Degree
• Comparative Degree
• Superlative Degree


Example:

1. Positive Degree

• John is tall.


Here tall is the positive Degree of Adjective.


2. Comparative Degree

• John is taller than Ram.

Here taller is the comparative Degree of Adjective


3. Superlative Degree:

• John is the tallest.

Here tallest is the superlative Degree of Adjective.



Positive Degree

A degree of comparison which does not denote any comparison is called the positive degree. When we talk about only one person or one thing, we use the positive degree of comparison.


deg_com_2Example:

• The honey is sweet.


In this sentence no comparison is made. It just tells about the sweetness of honey. Thus sweet is in positive degree of comparison.



Comparative Degree

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Comparative Degree of Adjective is used at the time of comparison between two persons or two things.

Example:

Ram’s cat is sweeter than Hari’s cat.


In the above sentence, the sweetness of both the cats is compared. So whenever there is a comparison between two things or two persons, we use the comparative degree of comparison.



Superlative Degree

The highest degree of quality is the superlative Degree of Comparison. Whenever comparison is made between more than two things or persons, we use the superlative degree of adjective.

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Example:

This is the biggest bottle of all.


In the above sentence, biggest shows the highest degree of quality and hence it is the superlative degree of comparison.




Rules of Degrees of Comparison

RULE 1: Add er or est to one syllabic words.
 

Example:

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
Small Smaller Smallest
Short Shorter Shortest



Rule 2: When an adjective ends in y, drop the y and change it to i and add er or est.


Example:

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
Busy Busier Busiest
Crazy Crazier Craziest



Rule 3:When an adjective ends in e, remove the e and add er or est in its place.


Example:

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
Cute Cuter Cutest
Nice Nicer Nicest



Rule 4: For adjectives ending in -ful, -less, -ing use more or most before the word. For two syllabic adjective also use more and most.


Example:

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
Beautiful More beautiful Most Beautiful
Pleasant More pleasant Most pleasant



Rule 5:There are some adjective which are known as irregular adjectives as they don’t follow any rules.


Example:

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
Good Better Best
Little Less Least


Use of the Degrees of Comparison

Example:

Sarah is as beautiful as Samantha.
By using ‘as….as’ we can show positive degree.


Example:

Raja is taller than Rahim.
By using ‘than’ we can show comparative degree of adjective.


Example:

He is the nicest boy in the class.

With the use of ‘the’ the superlative comparison can be denoted.


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