The confusion over the right word to use - can or may - continues to persist. "Can I go swimming tomorrow" or "May I go swimming tomorrow?" A tough nut to crack, isn’t it? Many English speakers are confused on the right word to use. Today, let us learn how to identify the right word to use based on the different contexts.
Permission or ability
In the grammar world, ‘can’ is basically used to describe physical or mental ability while ‘may’ is used when requiring permission or to state a possibility. Therefore, the key difference between the two is that ‘can’ denotes ability and ‘may’ denotes permission. However, still many of us are unable to use the words can and may at correct places. Let us look at some examples to develop our understanding.
Can for ability
Can you do the international dance form?
I can do the international dance form
Can you finish your assignment by tonight?
I can finish the assignment by 7 pm.
May for permission/possibility
May I go to the birthday party tonight?
Yes you can go to the birthday party tonight.
May I have a pizza for lunch?
No, you can’t eat a pizza for lunch.
Generally, when an individual asks a permission, the answer includes a can, can’t or cannot instead of may or may not. In spoken English, it is incorrect to say, ‘Can I drink water?’ The right sentence would be ‘May I drink water?’
However it is alright to use can in an informal situation to ask for permission.
Can I use your computer?
You can use my computer
Now, in a sentence like this, can you guess the right word to use?
Please leave your business card so that I can/may call you back.
What do you think the above sentence is about – permission, ability or possibility
In such confusing situations, it is best to follow this approach:
Use can if you intend able to
Use may if there is a possibility
Use may if you intend permitted to
Now, in the sentence above if you are likely to call, use ‘may’ and if you are sure you will call, use ‘can.’
English grammar can be confusing, especially to beginner English learners. Therefore, it is important to seek correct guidance and learn from the basics. You can join our online spoken English class and learn more about grammar and improve your English speaking skills.
eAgeTutor.com is the premier online tutoring provider. eAge's world-class faculty and ace communication experts from around the globe help you to improve English in an all-round manner. Assignments and tasks based on a well-researched content developed by subject matter and industry experts can certainly fetch the most desired results for improving spoken English skills. Overcoming limitations is just a click of mouse away in this age of effective and advance communication technology. For further information on online English speaking course or to experience the wonders of virtual classroom fix a demonstration session with our tutor. Please visit www.eagetutor.com.
- By Chander Madan
1. Say or Tell? Learn the correct usage
2. Modal verbs and its types
3. Tips to use contractions
4. Do you know the difference between shall and will?
5. Question Tag