What is an Adjective?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun. It is a part of all the global languages, except the Bantu ones. The derivation of adjectives depends upon the number of syllables. There are many types of adjectives like comparable, non-comparable, attributive, predicative, absolute, nominal, comparative, superlative etc. This post will concentrate on Comparative and Superlative Adjectives.
When two people or things are compared, comparative adjectives are used. The words will change depending upon the syllables of the words.
1. Ramesh is taller than Mitesh.
2. This area is warmer than others
3. Ramesh is quicker than other students
4. Rihanna is more famous than Madonna.
5. The movie is more interesting than the previous one.
6. The ship is larger than the boat.
7. Rajat is wiser than Sanjeev.
8. Suja is nicer than Suma.
9. I find her more attractive than others.
10. I have never been happier.
The general rules are:
1. If the adjective has only one syllable, then the letters 'er' is added.
Example: taller, warmer.
2. If the adjective has two syllables or more, than the word 'more' is usually used.
Example: more famous, more joyful.
When one person in a group is compared to every other member, superlative adjectives are used. As in comparative adjectives, the words will change as per the number of syllables.
1. She was the tallest girl in the class.
2. Chicago is the warmest region.
3. Sheila was the quickest in solving the sum.
4. This is the latest album.
5. The Yamato was the largest battleship.
6. The Eiffel tower is the most famous of all landmarks.
7. This day will be the saddest one of my life.
8. Neeta's room is the tidiest.
9. December is the worst month of the year.
10. It will have the most impact.
The general rules are:
1. If the adjective has one syllable, then the letter 'est' is added.
Example: warmest, quickest, tallest.
2. If the adjective has two syllable or more, then 'st' or 'most' is used.
Example: most careful, most pleasant.
Exceptions in comparative and superlative adjectives
Irregular adjectives can have exceptions in word formations.The below five examples will make it clear:
1. Word: far
2. Word: little
3. Word: bad
4. Word: many
5. Word: good
Practice your knowledge with the below examples:
1. The comparative of fine is _______
2. The comparative of light is _______
3. The superlative of lazy is _______
4. The superlative of solid is _______
5. The comparative of sad is ________
6. The superlative of beautiful is _______
7. The comparative of hot is ________
8. The superlative of extreme is _______
9. The comparative of good is _______
10. The superlative of heavy is ________
Answers: 1. Finer, 2. Lighter, 3. Laziest, 4. solidiest, 5. sadder 6. Most beautiful, 7. Hotter, 8. Most extreme, 9. Better, 10. heaviest.
You can find more examples in free online English learning materials. Practice them with the help of an online English guide.
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- By Monika Agarwal
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